Sapphire: The blue variety of the mineral corundum owes its color to trace elements of iron and titanium. Sapphire is the most valuable and desirable blue gemstone used in jewelry due to its popular hue (which ranges from pastel to sky to a deep midnight blue), rarity, excellent hardness, durability, and brilliance. It’s also the birthstone for September.
Sapphire also comes in a number of other colors—yellow, green, orange, purple, pink and lavender and every shade in between. Each hue is determined by the type, and amount of, trace elements present in the stone, such as iron, titanium, chromium, copper and magnesium.
Metaphysical Properties: Sapphire is generally considered a healing stone that can enhance intuition, mental clarity, and creative self-expression. Blue sapphires symbolize nobility, loyalty, and fidelity, making them perfect for engagement rings.
Origin: Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Burma (Myanmar), Madagascar, Tanzania, Australia, Thailand and the U.S.(Montana)